What is IVF?

In vitro fertilization (IVF) has revolutionized the realm of assisted reproductive technology, offering hope to couples facing fertility challenges. One crucial aspect of the IVF process is the administration of injections. These injections play a pivotal role in stimulating the ovaries, aiding in the retrieval of mature eggs, and eventually increasing the chances of a successful pregnancy.


How do IVF injections help in pregnancy?

IVF injections are instrumental in the IVF treatment protocol because they serve multiple essential functions:

  1. Ovarian Stimulation: IVF injections primarily focus on stimulating the ovaries. In a natural menstrual cycle, a woman typically produces one egg. However, in IVF, the aim is to retrieve multiple eggs to increase the likelihood of successful fertilization. To achieve this, injections of hormonal medications, such as follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) analogs, are administered. These medications encourage the ovaries to produce multiple mature eggs.
  2. Timing Control: Controlling the timing of egg maturation is crucial in IVF. The administration of injections helps regulate the maturation process, ensuring that the eggs are retrieved at the optimal stage of development. This precision maximizes the chances of successful fertilization during the subsequent steps of the IVF procedure.
  3. Preventing Premature Ovulation: In a natural menstrual cycle, the body releases an egg during ovulation. In IVF, premature ovulation could jeopardize the retrieval of eggs. Specialized injections, such as gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonists, are used to prevent this premature release and keep the eggs accessible for retrieval.
  4. Egg Maturation and Release: The final step in ovarian stimulation involves triggering the release of mature eggs. A hormone called human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is administered through injections for this purpose. This mimics the natural process of ovulation and prepares the eggs for retrieval.


What Can I Expect from IVF Injections?

The prospect of self-administering injections can be daunting, but understanding what to expect can help alleviate anxiety. Here’s a breakdown of what you can anticipate during the IVF injection phase:

  1. Consultation and Education: Before starting injections, you’ll have consultations with your fertility specialist. They will explain the purpose of each injection, demonstrate the proper technique for self-administration, and provide detailed instructions.
  2. Personalized Protocol: IVF protocols are tailored to each individual’s unique needs. Your treatment plan will specify the type of injections, dosages, and duration of the injection phase. Your fertility team will closely monitor your progress and adjust the protocol as needed.
  3. Injection Schedule: The injection phase typically lasts around 10 to 12 days, although this can vary. You’ll be given a schedule outlining when and how to administer the injections. In most cases, you’ll need to self-administer one or more injections daily.
  4. Injection Techniques: IVF injections are usually administered subcutaneously (just under the skin) using small, thin needles. Many find that these injections are relatively painless, although some discomfort is possible. You’ll be taught how to prepare and administer the injections safely.
  5. Side Effects: It’s important to be aware of potential side effects, which can include mild swelling, redness, or discomfort at the injection site. Hormonal changes may also cause mood swings or mild bloating. Severe side effects are rare but should be reported to your healthcare team immediately.


How Many Injections Are Given In IVF?

The number of injections you’ll receive during an IVF cycle can vary depending on your specific treatment plan. However, here’s a general idea of the types and quantities of injections commonly used:

  1. Stimulation Injections: The ovarian stimulation phase typically involves daily injections of FSH and sometimes LH analogs. This phase typically lasts around 10 to 12 days, although it can be shorter or longer based on your individual response. During this time, you may receive multiple injections.
  2. Trigger Shot: To induce the final maturation of eggs and prepare for retrieval, you’ll receive a single hCG injection.
  3. GnRH Agonists: If necessary to prevent premature ovulation, you might receive injections of GnRH agonists. In total, you can expect to self-administer multiple injections over the course of your IVF cycle. The exact number and duration will be specified in your personalized treatment plan.


How many injections are given per day for IVF?

The frequency of injections during IVF can vary. In most cases, you will administer at least one injection per day during the ovarian stimulation phase, which can last around 10 to 12 days. This ensures a steady supply of hormones to stimulate egg production. Some individuals may require multiple injections per day, depending on their response to the medications.


What is the IVF Injection Schedule?

The IVF injection schedule is a carefully orchestrated plan designed by fertility specialists to stimulate the ovaries, trigger ovulation, and prepare the body for egg retrieval. While specifics can vary from person to person, here is a general outline:

1. Ovarian Stimulation Phase:

  • Days 2-3: Begin with baseline ultrasound and blood tests.
  • Days 3-12: Daily injections of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) or a combination of FSH and luteinizing hormone (LH) analogs.
  • Monitoring: Regular ultrasound and blood tests to track follicle growth.

2. Trigger Shot:

  • Around Day 12: Administer a single injection of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) to trigger final egg maturation.

3. Egg Retrieval:

  • 36 hours post-trigger shot: Eggs are retrieved under anesthesia.

4. Embryo Development:

  • Days post-retrieval: Embryos are cultured and monitored.

5. Embryo Transfer:

  • 3-6 days post-retrieval: If viable embryos develop, one or more may be transferred into the uterus.

6. Luteal Phase Support:

  • After embryo transfer: Progesterone injections or vaginal suppositories may be prescribed to support the uterine lining.


The entire IVF injection schedule typically spans around two to three weeks. However, it’s crucial to note that individual protocols may differ based on factors like age, ovarian reserve, and response to medications.


What Are the IVF Injection Names?

IVF injections encompass several types, each serving a unique purpose in the process. Common IVF injection names include:

  1. FSH (Follicle-Stimulating Hormone): FSH injections, such as Gonal-F or Follistim, stimulate the ovaries to produce multiple mature eggs. They are administered during the ovarian stimulation phase.
  2. LH (Luteinizing Hormone) Analog: In some cases, LH analogs like Luveris are used alongside FSH to mimic the natural hormonal environment and optimize egg development.
  3. GnRH Agonists: Drugs like Lupron or Synarel may be prescribed to suppress premature ovulation during ovarian stimulation.
  4. hCG (Human Chorionic Gonadotropin): The hCG injection is administered to trigger the final maturation of eggs, preparing them for retrieval.
  5. Progesterone: After embryo transfer, progesterone injections (e.g., Progesterone in oil) or vaginal suppositories (e.g., Crinone) are used to support the uterine lining and facilitate implantation.


Are IVF Injections Painful?

One of the common concerns associated with IVF injections is pain. However, it’s essential to understand that pain tolerance varies among individuals. Here’s a general assessment of the pain associated with IVF injections:

  1. Stimulation Injections: FSH and LH analog injections are typically administered subcutaneously using small, thin needles. Many individuals find these injections relatively painless, akin to a slight pinch or discomfort. Proper technique, relaxation, and icing the injection site can minimize discomfort.
  2. Trigger Shot: The hCG trigger shot is usually injected into the muscle, which can cause more discomfort than subcutaneous injections. However, it’s a brief sensation lasting seconds.
  3. Progesterone Injections: Progesterone in oil injections, often given intramuscularly, can be more painful due to the thicker oil-based solution. Warm compresses before injection and massaging the area afterward can alleviate some discomfort.

While IVF injections can be uncomfortable, the overall pain experienced by most individuals is manageable. Always discuss any concerns about pain with your fertility team, as they can offer guidance and potentially adjust your injection technique or medications to minimize discomfort.


How Can I Make IVF Injections Easy for Me?

Managing IVF injections can be challenging, but several strategies can make the process more manageable and less stressful:

1. Education and Support:

  • Attend counseling or support groups to connect with others going through IVF.
  • Seek guidance from your fertility specialist and nurse to understand the process thoroughly.

2. Stay Organized:

  • Create a detailed injection schedule and set reminders.
  • Keep all necessary supplies, medications, and instructions organized.

3. Relaxation Techniques:

  • Practice deep breathing or meditation before injections to reduce anxiety.
  • Use numbing creams or ice packs to minimize injection site discomfort.

4. Enlist a Partner or Friend:

  • Have a trusted friend or family member assist with injections if needed.
  • Their presence can provide emotional support and make the process less daunting.

5. Communicate Openly:

  • Share your concerns with your healthcare team.
  • They can offer solutions, such as adjusting injection techniques or medications, to improve your experience.

6. Self-Care:

  • Prioritize self-care activities like gentle exercise, a healthy diet, and adequate sleep.
  • Reducing stress can positively impact the IVF process.


How Much Does IVF Injections Cost In Delhi?

The cost of IVF injections in Delhi can vary widely depending on several factors, including the fertility clinic, the specific medications prescribed, and individual needs. Here’s a general overview of what you can expect:

  • Ovarian Stimulation Injections: The cost of injections used for ovarian stimulation, such as FSH (Follicle-Stimulating Hormone) or FSH/LH analogs, can range from ₹15,000 to ₹30,000 or more per cycle. The quantity required depends on your individual response to the medications.
  • Trigger Shot (hCG): The cost of the hCG injection for triggering ovulation typically ranges from ₹2,000 to ₹5,000.
  • Progesterone Support: After embryo transfer, some individuals may require progesterone injections or vaginal suppositories. These can cost approximately ₹1,500 to ₹4,000 per week.

It’s crucial to note that these are approximate costs, and prices can vary among clinics and pharmacies in Delhi. Additionally, your fertility specialist will determine the specific medications and dosages needed based on your unique circumstances. Be sure to inquire about all potential costs associated with your IVF treatment during your initial consultation to make an informed financial plan.


How Many Injections Before Embryo Transfer?

The number of injections before embryo transfer varies depending on the individual’s response to the medications and the fertility clinic’s treatment protocol. Typically, the ovarian stimulation phase involves daily injections of FSH or a combination of FSH and LH analogs. This phase usually lasts around 10 to 12 days, but it can be shorter or longer based on factors like age, ovarian reserve, and hormonal response.

During this phase, you may self-administer one or more injections each day to stimulate the ovaries and promote the development of multiple mature eggs. The exact quantity of injections required will be determined by your fertility specialist, who will monitor your progress through ultrasound and blood tests.


How Many Injections After Embryo Transfer?

After embryo transfer, some individuals may require progesterone support to help maintain the uterine lining and facilitate implantation. Progesterone injections or vaginal suppositories are common methods of administration. The duration and quantity of these injections can vary but generally continue for about two weeks following the embryo transfer. This phase is crucial to support the early stages of pregnancy until the placenta takes over progesterone production.

The specific number of injections and their duration will be determined by your fertility specialist based on your individual needs and the clinic’s treatment protocol.


What Are the Side-Effects of IVF Injections?

While IVF injections are a crucial part of the fertility treatment process, they can have side effects. It’s important to remember that not everyone will experience these side effects, and their severity can vary. Common side effects of IVF injections include:

  1. Injection Site Reactions:
  • Pain: Some individuals may experience mild pain or discomfort at the injection site. This can often be managed with proper injection techniques, icing the area before injection, or over-the-counter pain relievers.
  • Redness or Swelling: Injection sites may become slightly red or swollen, but these reactions are usually mild and temporary.
  1. Hormonal Fluctuations:
  • Mood Swings: The hormonal changes induced by IVF injections can lead to mood swings or emotional fluctuations. Practicing stress-reduction techniques and seeking emotional support can help manage these effects.
  • Bloating: Some people may experience abdominal bloating due to the stimulation of multiple follicles. This can be uncomfortable but typically resolves after egg retrieval.
  1. Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome (OHSS): In rare cases, the use of ovarian stimulation injections can lead to OHSS, a condition characterized by swollen and painful ovaries, abdominal discomfort, and fluid retention. Severe OHSS is uncommon and closely monitored by fertility specialists.
  1. Allergic Reactions: While rare, some individuals may develop allergies to the medications used in IVF injections. It’s crucial to report any unusual or severe reactions to your healthcare team immediately.
  1. Other Possible Effects: Some individuals may experience fatigue, headaches, or breast tenderness during IVF treatment. These symptoms are usually mild and temporary.

Your fertility specialist will discuss potential side effects, monitor your progress, and adjust your treatment plan if necessary to minimize discomfort. It’s essential to communicate openly with your healthcare team throughout your IVF journey to ensure your safety and well-being.



IVF injections are an integral part of the IVF journey, with a carefully planned schedule and specific medication names designed to optimize the chances of success. While concerns about pain are valid, many find the discomfort manageable with the right techniques and support. By staying organized, seeking emotional support, and prioritizing self-care, you can navigate the IVF injection phase with confidence and hope for a positive outcome. Remember that your fertility team is there to guide you every step of the way, providing the support and expertise you need to achieve your dream of parenthood.